vatican museums pinacoteca vaticana

One of the most visited Vatican Museums and appreciated by tourists is the Vatican Gallery where a collection of paintings, pictures and tables purchased or received as a gift by the Popes over the centuries. Originally, the paintings now on display in the Pinacoteca Vaticana had no fixed abode, but were moved from room to room and the building in the building according to the will of the Popes. The present building was built only in 1932 by the architect Luca Beltrami on Pope Pius XI commission. The Art Gallery occupies one of the long sides of the Garden Square, place considered ideal because it insulated and well exposed to sunlight. Today in the museum there are about 460 works of art divided in 18 small rooms and arranged in chronological order. In the halls of the first are the so-called paintings "primitive" or made between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, proceeding along the route there are more and more recent works up to the nineteenth century. Although this is not a great art gallery as the Uffizi or the Pinacoteca di Brera, the artistic quality of the paintings is not far behind. The halls of the Vatican Pinacoteca host works by Italian artists of the caliber of Giotto, Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, Pinturicchio, Veronese and Caravaggio. The visit to the Vatican Gallery ends in the courtyard where there is the basis of a Roman column in red Egyptian granite dating back to 161 or 162 A.D. It was sculpted for the emperor Antoninus Pius as a gift of children Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. Although whole was found in 1703, now all that remains is the base.

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